The International Criminal Tribunal for Rwanda, which had its seat in Arusha, Tanzania, began operating in 1995, pursuant to UN Security Council Resolution 955 of November 8, 1994, in the near-immediate aftermath of the Rwandan genocide in which hundreds of thousands of Rwandans lost their lives in massacres when the government incited the country’s majority ethnic group to attack the minority group. (This conflict spilled over into the Democratic Republic of the Congo, where an estimated 5.4 million people have lost their lives because of the conflict since 1998.)
The ICTR’s jurisdiction is limited to acts of genocide and crimes against humanity, as defined in its Statute, and violations of Article 3 common to the Geneva Conventions and of Additional Protocol II committed in Rwanda, or by Rwandan nationals in neighboring States, between January 1, 1994 and December 31, 1994. The ICTR’s Statute and Rules of Procedure and Evidence establish the substantive and procedural norms applicable to its work.
Since the cessation of ICTR in December 2015, the Mechanism for International Criminal Tribunals is continuing their work in the arrest and prosecution of the remaining ICTR-indicted criminals.
As of June 2016, the ICTR has indicted 93 individuals, resulting in 61 convictions and 14 acquittals. Two indictments were withdrawn, and two individuals died before the conclusion of their trial. 16 individuals have already served their sentence, and three died before serving their full sentence. Five cases were transferred to national jurisdictions, 11 individuals are awaiting transfer, and eight individuals who remain at large have had their cases transferred as well. See ICTR, Key Figures of Cases.
Learn more about pending and completed cases.